• Ahmad Mudhofarul Baqi Universitas Indonesia
Keywords: Chinese application, India, soft balancing strategy


This article aims to explain why India has banned 267 Chinese application amidst the escalation of the Ladakh border dispute. Rely on seconder data with explanative type research and adopt soft-balancing concept from T.V Paul about economic sanction and Robert A. Pape regarding economic strengthen. The results show that the Chinese apps banned are India's soft-balancing strategy toward China. Soft-Balancing strategy driven by capability disparity among India and China economically, military, and technologically. Soft-balancing strategy open the room for strengthening the Indian apps ecosystem. Strengthen the Indian apps Ecosystem through a recommendation of Indian apps to substitute the function of Chinese apps, held Digital India AatmaNirbhar Bharat Innovate Challenge to Indian apps developer, and launched AatmaNirbhar Bharat apps to support the self-reliance of Indian apps ecosystem.


Download data is not yet available.


Ahlawat, D., & Hughes, L. (2018). India–China Stand-off in Doklam: Aligning Realism with National Characteristics. The Round Table, 1-13.

App Annie. (2020, March 24). App Annie Announces Its Top Publisher Award Winners of 2020. Diambil kembali dari

Council on Foreign Relations. (2020, Juni 18). The China-India Border Dispute: What to Know. Dipetik November 03, 2020, dari

gadgets.ndtv. (2020, Oktober 31). Atmanirbhar Apps Launched by Mitron to Promote Indian Apps. Diambil kembali dari

gadgets.ndtv. (2020, Juli 04). PM Modi Launches 'Aatmanirbhar Bharat App Innovation Challenge'. India. Diambil kembali dari

Ganguly, S. &. (2012). Can China and India Rise Peacefully? . Orbis, 56(3), 470-485. doi:10.1016/j.orbis.2012.05.011

Garver, J. (2001). Protracted Contest: Sino-Indian Rivalry in the Twentieth Century. Seattle: University of Washington Press.

Garver, J. (2002). Asymmetrical Indian and Chinese threat perceptions. Journal of Strategic Studies, 25(4), 109-134. doi:10.1080/01402390412331302885

Globalfirepower. (2020). Military comparison results showcasing India and China in side-by-side format. Diambil kembali dari

He, K., & Feng, H. (2008). If Not Soft Balancing, Then What? Reconsidering Soft Balancing and U.S. Policy Toward China. Security Studies, 17(2), 363-395. doi:10.1080/09636410802098776

Holslag, J. (2009). The Persistent Military Security Dilemma between China and India. Journal of Strategic Studies, 32(6), 811-840. doi:10.1080/01402390903189592

Hootsuite and We Are Social 2020 Report. (2020, Februari 18). Digital 2020 India. Diambil kembali dari

Huang, Y. (2011). The Myth Of Economic Complementary In Sino-Indian Relations. Journal of International Affairs, 64(2), 111-124.

Huchet, J.-F. (2008). Between Geostrategic Rivalry and Economic Competition. China Perspectives, 3, 50-67. (t.thn.). Information Technology Act, 2000. Diambil kembali dari

Jain, B. M. (2004). India–China Relations: Issues and Emerging Trends. Jain, B. M. (2004). India–China relations: issues and emerging trends. The Round Table, 93(374),, 93(374), 253–269. doi:doi:10.1080/00358530410001679602

Mahbubani, K. (2009). The New Asian Hemisphere: The Irresistible Shift of Global Power to the East. New York: Public Affairs.

Ministry of Electronics & IT. (2020, Agustus 07). MyGov Announces Winners of ‘AatmaNirbhar Bharat App Innovation Challenge’; Encourages the Spirit of Self-Reliance & Innovation. New Delhi, India. Diambil kembali dari

Pape, R. A. (2005). Soft Balancing against the United States. International Security, 30(1), 7-45. doi:doi:10.1162/0162288054894607

Paul, T. V. (2005). Soft Balancing in the Age of U.S. Primacy. International Security, 30(1), 46-71.

Paul, T. V. (2018). Restraining Great Powers: Soft Balancing from Empires to Global Era. New Haven and New York: Yale University Press. doi:

Press Information Bureau - PIB India. (2020, June 29). Government Bans 59 mobile apps which are prejudicial to sovereignty and integrity of India, defence of India, security of state and public order. India, New Delhi, India. Diambil kembali dari

Press Information Bureau - PIB India . (2020, July 04). Meity-NITI launches Digital India AatmaNirbhar Bharat App Innovation Challenge to realise PM's vision of Digital India – AatmaNirbhar Bharat. Delhi, India, India. Diambil kembali dari

Press Information Bureau - PIB India. (2020, September 02). Government Blocks 118 Mobile Apps Which are Prejudicial to Sovereignty and Integrity of India, Defence of India, Security of State and Public Orde. New Delhi, New Delhi, India. Diambil kembali dari

Rehman, I. (2009). Keeping the Dragon at Bay: India’s Counter-Containment of China in Asia. Asian Security, 5(2), 114–143.

Sensortower. (2020, April 29). TikTok Crosses 2 Billion Downloads After Best Quarter For Any App Ever. Diambil kembali dari

Sil, D. (2020, October 21). India's Mitron Launches Atmanirbhar Apps Discovery Platform For Indian Origin Apps. Diambil kembali dari (2020). Comparing China and India by Economy. Diambil kembali dari ttp://'s%20gdp,in%20gdp%20per%20capita%20terms

Tempo. (2020, Juni 20). 6 Fakta Soal Line of Actual Control yang Diperebutkan Cina-India. Jakarta, Indonesia, Indonesia. Diambil kembali dari 6 Fakta Soal Line of Actual Control yang Diperebutkan Cina-India:

Theeconomictimes. (2020, July 03). TikTok predicts over $6 bn loss from India's ban: Report. Diambil kembali dari

Xiaosong, W. &. (2014). The Micro-Formation Mechanism of Trade Conflicts between Large Developing Countries: India’s Anti-dumping Action against China. Social Sciences in China, 35(2), 64-82.

PlumX Metrics

How to Cite
Baqi, A. M. (2022). STRATEGI SOFT BALANCING INDIA DALAM PEMBLOKIRAN APLIKASI CINA. Indonesian Journal of International Relations, 6(2), 285-302.