RELEVANSI IDENTITAS AGAMA DI TENGAH DOMINASI IDENTITAS NEGARA-BANGSA

  • Miftah Farid Darussalam UIN Alauddin Makassar
  • Mirah Satria Alamsyah Shandong University, China
Keywords: Keywords : Religion, Identity, Nation-State, Constructivisme

Abstract

This writing argues that nation-states could be treated as an identity rather than only the accepted actor of international relations. Understand nation-states as an identity is important, following the constructivist argument that identity could shape an individual or even nation-states' intention. Nation-states as the main actor of international relations impacted to their intention define only by the identity that emerges from it. Although, other identities especially religious identity in this writing argued still relevant in the identity conceptual framework that this paper provides. This paper highlights that nation-states identity work as representative identity, as the basis of identification over self-image on the surface. Meanwhile, religious identity lies within the nation-states; it might not always represent nation-states but could do so on a contextual basis. This is qualitative research using identity as the conceptual framework. Then, literature studies as the method and data collection been done by collecting relevant academic journals, books, and other relevant articles.

 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Amstrong, D. (1993). Revolution and World Order . New York: Oxford University Press.
Andriasanti, L.(2014). Identitas Islam Moderat dalam Kebijakan Luar Negeri Indonesia. GLOBAL 16(1), 84-101.
Appiah, K. A. (2006). The Politics of Identity. Deadalus, 135(4), 15-22.
DOI: 10.1162/daed.2006.135.4.15.
Bellin, E. (2008). Faith in Politics. New Trends in the Study of Religion and Politics. World Politics, 60(2), 315-347.
DOI: 10.1353/wp.0.0007.
Bemstein, M. (2005). Identity Politics. Annual Review of Sociology, 31, 47-74.
DOI: 10.1146/annurev.soc.29.010202.100054.
Bhargava, R. (2013). Reimagining Secularism : Respect, Domination, and Principled Distance. Economic and Political Weekly, 48(80), 79-92.
https://www.jstor.org/stable/24479049.
Bilgrami, A. (2012). Secularism : Its Content and Context. Economic and Political Weekly, 47(4), 89-100.
DOI: 10.1111/josp.12048.
Biswas, S. (2010). Whither the Nation-states? National and State Identity in the Face of Fragmentation and Globalization. Global Society, 16(2), 175-198.
DOI: 10.1080/09537320220132910
Bull, H., & Watson, A. (1984). The Expansion of International Society. New York:Oxford University Press.
Brubaker, R. (2013). Language, Religion and the Politics of Difference. Nations and Nationalism, 19(1), 1-20.
DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8129.2012.00562.x
Cronin, B. (1999). Community Under Anarchy. New York: Columbia University Press.
Cronin, J. B. (1994). The State and The Nation : Changing Norms and The Rules of Sovereignity in International Relations. International Organization, 4(1), 107-130.
DOI: 10.1017/S0020818300000837.
Croxton, D. (1999). The Peace of Westphalia of 1648 and The Origins of Sovereignity. The International History Review, 21(3), 569-591.
DOI: 10.1080/07075332.1999.9640869.
Durkheim, E. (1992). Sejarah Agama (The Elementary Forms of Religous Life). New York: Free Press.
Fox, J. (2001). Religion as Overlooked Element of International Politics. International Studies Review, 3(3), 53-73.
DOI: 10.1111/1521-9488.00244.
Geert Hofstede, F. J. (2010). Cultures and Organizations. New York: Software of The Mind, McGraw Hill.
Herb, G.H.,& Kaplan, D.H.(2017). Scalling Identities : Nationalism and Territoriality, Maryland : Rowman and Littlefield.
Huntington, S.P.(2011). The Clash of Civilization and the Remaking of World Order. New York : Simon and Schuster.
Knight, D. B. (1982). Identity and Territory : Geographical Perspective on Nationalism and Regionalism. Annals of Association of American Geographers, 72(4), 514-531.
DOI:10.1111/j.1467-8306.1982.tb01842.x.
Krasner, S. D. (1996). Compromising Westphalia. International Security, 20(3), 115-151.
DOI:10.2307/2539141.
Kulich, S. J. (t.thn.). Representing Identity as an Onion. Dipetik 2019, dari Inter Cultural Communication: https://www.futurelearn.com/courses/intercultural-communication/0/steps/11054.
Lebow, R. N. (2008). Identity and International Relations. International Relations, 22 (4), 473-492.
DOI: 10.1177/0047117808097312.
Linklater, A.(1996). Citizenship and Sovereignty in The post of Westphalian State. European Journal of International Relations, (2)1, 77-103.
Mendelson, B. (2012). God VS Westphalia : Radical Islamist Movements and The Battle for Organising The World. Review of International Studies, 38 (3), 589-613.
DOI: 10.1017/S0260210511000775.
Mol, H. (1978). The Identity Model of Religion : How It Compares with Nine Other Theories of Religion and How It Might Apply to Japan. Japanese of Religious Studies, 6(1/2), 11-38.
DOI: 10.18874/jjrs.6.1-2.1979.
Newman, J. O. (2012). Tragedy and "Trauerspiel" for the (Post-) Westphalian Age. Renaissance Drama,40, 197-108.
DOI: 10.1353/rnd.2012.0012.
O'Brien, P. (2016). Secularism. Europe: Temple University Press.
Pile, M. K. (1993). Place and The Politics of Identity. New York : Routladge .
Sen, A. (2016). Kekerasan dan Identitas . Jakarta Selatan: Marjin Kiri.
Seul, J. R. (1999). "Ours Is The Way of God" : Religion, Identity, and Intergroup Conflict. Journal of Peace Research, 36(5), 553-569.
DOI: 10.1177/0022343399036005004.
Singh, R. S. (2011). Secularism In India : Challenges and Its Future. The Indian Journal of Political Science, 72,(2), 501-509.
https://www.jstor.org/stable/42761435.
Veer, P. V. (1999). Zones of Religion. New York: Routledge.
Veer, P. V. (2015). Nation, Politics, Religion. Journal of Religous and Political Practice, 1(1), 7-21. DOI: 10.1080/20566093.2015.1047696.
Wendt, A. (1992). Anarchy is What States Make of it : The Social Construction of Power Politics. International Organization, 46,(2), 391-425. DOI:10.1017/S0020818300027764.
Wendt, A. (1999). Social Theory of International Politics . New York: Cambridge University Press.
Zehfuss, M. (2006). Constructivism and Identity: A Dangerous Liason. In S. Guzzini, & A. Leander. Constructivism and International Relations : Alexander Wendt and His Critics, 92-116.
DOI: 10.1177/1354066101007003002.
Published
2022-02-13
How to Cite
Darussalam, M. F., & Alamsyah, M. S. (2022). RELEVANSI IDENTITAS AGAMA DI TENGAH DOMINASI IDENTITAS NEGARA-BANGSA. Indonesian Journal of International Relations, 6(1), 1-20. https://doi.org/10.32787/ijir.v6i1.199