• Tine Ratna Poerwantika Universitas Pasundan
Keywords: Amazon;, Bolsonaro;, Deforestasi;, Forest Fire;, Soy;


This article was written with the aim of knowing the dynamics of deforestation in Brazil, especially the Amazon forest, and to find out the driving factors for deforestation in the Amazon rainforest in 2019 from a critical perspective. The Amazon rain forest is reported to have led to massive deforestation using massive forest burning instruments in 2019, sparking reactions from various international elements. To simplify the analysis in this article, the author uses the concept of captal expansion from David Harvey and to further clarify the problem in this article the author adds the concept of deforestation from William Laurance, the writer uses descriptive analytical research methods and uses secondary data sources. In this article, the authors find various correlations between the interests of the Brazilian government and the interests of multinational companies that lead to encouragement of land clearing in various forests, especially the Amazon, on the pretext of meeting world food demand and efforts to restore Brazilian economic instability as justification.


Download data is not yet available.


Aguiar, Danicley. 2019. “Bolsonaro’s Christmas Gift to Perpetrators of Illegal Deforestation.” Greenpeace.Org. 2019.
Area Leão Pereira, Eder Johnson de, Luiz Carlos de Santana Ribeiro, Lúcio Flávio da Silva Freitas, and Hernane Borges de Barros Pereira. 2020. “Brazilian Policy and Agribusiness Damage the Amazon Rainforest.” Land Use Policy 92 (January):
Butler, Rhett. 2009. “Brazilian Beef Giants Agree to Moratorium on Amazon Deforestation.” Mongabay.Com. 2009. beef giants agree to moratorium on Amazon deforestation,-by of the world’s largest,the Amazon rainforest%2C repor.
Casado, Ernesto Londoño and Letícia. 2019. “Amazon Deforestation in Brazil Rose Sharply on Bolsonaro’s Watch.” New York Times News. 2019.
Df, Brasília. 2019. “Atos Do Poder Executivo,” 1.
Doctor, Mahrukh. 2019. “Bolsonaro and the Prospects for Reform in Brazil.” Political Insight 10 (2): 22–25.
Gibbs, H. K., L. Rausch, J. Munger, I. Schelly, D. C. Morton, P. Noojipady, B. Soares-Filho, P. Barreto, L. Micol, and N. F. Walker. 2015. “Brazil’s Soy Moratorium: Supply-Chain Governance Is Needed to Avoid Deforestation.” Science 347 (6220): 377–78.
Greenpeace. 2006. “Eating up the Amazon.” Europe c (May): 10–12.
———. 2019. “UNDER FIRE,” no. deforestation.
Harvey, David. 2010. Imperialisme Baru: Geneologi Dan Logika Kapitalisme Kontemporer. Edited by Dian Yuniardi. Cetakan pe. Yogyakarta: Ressist Book.
Hughes, Roland. 2019. “Amazon Fires: What’s the Latest in Brazil?” BBC News. 2019.
Hunter, Wendy, and Timothy J. Power. 2019. “Bolsonaro and Brazil’s Illiberal Backlash.” Journal of Democracy 30 (1): 68–82.
Laurance, William F. 1999. “Reflections on the Tropical Deforestation Crisis.” Biological Conservation 91 (2–3): 109–17.
Moran, Emilio F. 1993. “Deforestation and Land Use in the Brazilian Amazon.” Human Ecology 21 (1): 1–21.
Schepers, Emile. 2019. “Bolsonaro: I’ll Save Amazon Rainforest by Giving It to Corporations.” Peaoplesworld.Org. 2019.
Silva, C. A., and Mendelson Lima. 2018. “Soy Moratorium in Mato Grosso: Deforestation Undermines the Agreement.” Land Use Policy 71 (September): 540–42.
Watts, Jonathan. 2019. “Amazon Rainforest Fires: Global Leaders Urged to Divert Brazil from ‘suicide’ Path.” The Guardian. 2019.
How to Cite
Poerwantika, T. R. (2021). DEFORESTASI AMAZON PADA ERA BOLSONARO (2019). Indonesian Journal of International Relations, 5(2), 184-217.